Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, the association with socioeconomic variables in adolescents from Low-Income region
Resumen: Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of obesity, overweight, abdominal obesity and high blood pressure in a sample of adolescents from a low-income city in Brazil and to estimate the relationship with the socioeconomic status of the family, the education level of the family provider and the type of school.
Methods: This cross-sectional study randomly sampled 1,014 adolescents (54.8% girls), between 14-19 years of age, attending high school from Imperatriz (MA). The outcomes of this study were: obesity and overweight, abdominal obesity and high blood pressure (systolic and/ or diastolic). The independent variables were: socioeconomic status (SES) of the family, education level of the family provider (ELFP) and type of school. The confounding variables were: gender, age and physical activity level. Prevalence was estimated, and the association between the endpoints and the independent variables was analyzed using a prevalence ratio (PR), with a 95% confidence interval, estimated by Poisson regression.
Results: The overall prevalence of obesity was 3.8%, overweight, 13.1%, abdominal obesity, 22.7% and high blood pressure, 21.3%. The adjusted analysis indicated that girls with high SES showed an increased likelihood to be overweight (PR=1.71 [95% IC: 1.13-2.87]), while private school boys had an increased likelihood of obesity (PR=1.79 [95% CI: 1.04-3.08]) and abdominal obesity (PR =1.64 [95% CI: 1.06-2.54]).
Conclusion: The prevalence of CVDR is high in adolescents from this low-income region. Boys from private schools are more likely to have obesity and abdominal obesity, and girls with high SES are more likely to be overweight.

Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.3305/nh.2015.31.1.7511
Año: 2015
Publicado en: Nutricion Hospitalaria 31, 1 (2015), 217-224
ISSN: 0212-1611

Factor impacto JCR: 1.497 (2015)
Categ. JCR: NUTRITION & DIETETICS rank: 60 / 80 = 0.75 (2015) - Q3 - T3
Factor impacto SCIMAGO:

Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Enfermería (Departamento de Fisiatría y Enfermería)

Creative Commons You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.


Exportado de SIDERAL (2017-09-11-14:09:12)

Este artículo se encuentra en las siguientes colecciones:
Articles > Artículos por área > Enfermería



 Record created 2017-09-11, last modified 2017-09-12


Versión publicada:
 PDF
Rate this document:

Rate this document:
1
2
3
 
(Not yet reviewed)