Globalization and natural resources: the expansion of the Spanish agrifood trade and its impact on water consumption, 1965–2010
Resumen: Beginning in 1960, the Spanish agricultural sector underwent an intensive process of development, resulting in important structural changes, not only in the sector itself, but also in the relationship of the agrarian system to natural resources. These changes were closely related to the growth of per capita income and Spain’s increasing integration into international markets. In the last five decades, the volume of Spanish agricultural trade has increased strongly, with a concomitant increase in the consumption of domestic water resources, requiring the construction of water infrastructure for irrigation. This paper examines the impact on water use in Spain during a period of economic modernization and trade liberalization. More specifically, we are interested in obtaining virtual water trade flow trends and identifying the major drivers responsible for these trajectories, via a decomposition analysis. Our results point to a large increase in virtual water exports and imports, primarily driven by the scale effect, that is, by the growing integration into international markets. The composition effect and changes in water intensity entailed a moderation in water consumption.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1007/s10113-014-0752-3
Año: 2015
Publicado en: Regional Environmental Change (2015), [14 pp.]
ISSN: 1436-3798

Factor impacto: 2.664 (2015)
Categ. JCR: ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES rank: 17 / 104 = 0.163 (2015) - Q1 - T1
Categ. JCR: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES rank: 67 / 224 = 0.299 (2015) - Q2 - T1

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MICINN/ECO2010-14929
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MICINN/ECO2012-3328
Tipo y forma: Article (PostPrint)
Área (Departamento): Fundamentos del Análisis Económico (Departamento de Análisis Económico)
Área (Departamento): Historia e Instituciones Económicas (Departamento de Estructura e Historia Económicas y Economía Pública)

Exportado de SIDERAL (2018-02-15-08:15:58)

Este artículo se encuentra en las siguientes colecciones:
articulos > articulos-por-area > historia_e_instituciones_economicas
articulos > articulos-por-area > fundamentos_del_analisis_economico



 Notice créée le 2018-02-15, modifiée le 2018-02-15


Postprint:
 PDF
Évaluer ce document:

Rate this document:
1
2
3
 
(Pas encore évalué)