Rhodamine B removal with activated carbons obtained from lignocellulosic waste.
Resumen: By-products from the wax production process from carnauba palm (leaves), from the extraction of oil from macauba seeds (endocarp) and from pine nut production (shell) have been assessed for activated carbon production, using H3PO4 or CaCl2 for their chemical activation. The resulting activated charcoals have been thoroughly characterized by elemental and thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, electron scanning microscopy and N2 adsorption behavior. Subsequently, their adsorption capacity for the removal of rhodamine B (RhB) from aqueous solutions has been evaluated by studying different parameters: contact time, pH, adsorbent dose, initial dye concentration and solution temperature. The adsorption of RhB followed Freundlich's model in all cases. Kinetic studies indicate that the pseudo-second order model can be used for describing the dynamics of the adsorption process. Thermodynamic parameters have also been evaluated, indicating its endothermic and spontaneous nature. Finally, a preliminary analysis of the impact of cellulose content in the carbon precursor materials has been conducted, by using a mixture of native cellulose with one of the lignocellulosic materials.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.03.007
Año: 2015
Publicado en: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT 155 (2015), 67-76
ISSN: 0301-4797

Factor impacto JCR: 3.131 (2015)
Categ. JCR: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES rank: 54 / 224 = 0.241 (2015) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto SCIMAGO:

Tipo y forma: Article (PostPrint)
Área (Departamento): Ingeniería Agroforestal (Departamento de Ciencias Agrarias y del Medio Natural)

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