000063272 001__ 63272
000063272 005__ 20171129112116.0
000063272 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.1371/journal.pone.0070119
000063272 0248_ $$2sideral$$a82666
000063272 037__ $$aART-2013-82666
000063272 041__ $$aeng
000063272 100__ $$0(orcid)0000-0002-0520-1640$$aGómez-Bruton, A.
000063272 245__ $$aIs Bone Tissue Really Affected by Swimming? A Systematic Review
000063272 260__ $$c2013
000063272 5060_ $$aAccess copy available to the general public$$fUnrestricted
000063272 5203_ $$aBackground: Swimming, a sport practiced in hypogravity, has sometimes been associated with decreased bone mass.
Aim: This systematic review aims to summarize and update present knowledge about the effects of swimming on bone mass, structure and metabolism in order to ascertain the effects of this sport on bone tissue.
Methods: A literature search was conducted up to April 2013. A total of 64 studies focusing on swimmers bone mass, structure and metabolism met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review.
Results: It has been generally observed that swimmers present lower bone mineral density than athletes who practise high impact sports and similar values when compared to sedentary controls. However, swimmers have a higher bone turnover than controls resulting in a different structure which in turn results in higher resistance to fracture indexes. Nevertheless, swimming may become highly beneficial regarding bone mass in later stages of life.
Conclusion: Swimming does not seem to negatively affect bone mass, although it may not be one of the best sports to be practised in order to increase this parameter, due to the hypogravity and lack of impact characteristic of this sport. Most of the studies included in this review showed similar bone mineral density values in swimmers and sedentary controls. However, swimmers present a higher bone turnover than sedentary controls that may result in a stronger structure and consequently in a stronger bone.
000063272 536__ $$9info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/BES-2012-051888$$9info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/DEP2011-29093
000063272 540__ $$9info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess$$aby$$uhttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
000063272 590__ $$a3.534$$b2013
000063272 591__ $$aMULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES$$b8 / 56 = 0.143$$c2013$$dQ1$$eT1
000063272 655_4 $$ainfo:eu-repo/semantics/article$$vinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
000063272 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0002-1132-5906$$aGónzalez-Agüero, A.
000063272 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0001-6492-2512$$aGómez-Cabello, A.
000063272 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0002-7215-6931$$aCasajús, J.A.$$uUniversidad de Zaragoza
000063272 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0002-4303-4097$$aVicente-Rodríguez, G.$$uUniversidad de Zaragoza
000063272 7102_ $$11006$$2245$$aUniversidad de Zaragoza$$bDepartamento de Fisiatría y Enfermería$$cEducación Física y Deportiva
000063272 773__ $$g8, 8 (2013), e70119 [25 pp]$$pPLoS One$$tPLoS One$$x1932-6203
000063272 8564_ $$s263499$$uhttp://zaguan.unizar.es/record/63272/files/texto_completo.pdf$$yVersión publicada
000063272 8564_ $$s117513$$uhttp://zaguan.unizar.es/record/63272/files/texto_completo.jpg?subformat=icon$$xicon$$yVersión publicada
000063272 909CO $$ooai:zaguan.unizar.es:63272$$particulos$$pdriver
000063272 951__ $$a2017-11-28-12:44:53
000063272 980__ $$aARTICLE