Juvenile violence prevention: the gap between ideals and practices
Resumen: El aumento de la mortalidad y la pérdida de vitalidad de los bosques son procesos que afectan a diversas especies de árboles y biomas. Estos fenómenos de decaimiento forestal se han asociado a la interacción de múltiples factores relacionados con el cambio global, como el aumento de las sequías o la mayor incidencia de factores bióticos que generan estrés. Sin embargo, el papel que juegan estos organismos en el decaimiento del bosque en relación a la sequía no está del todo comprendido. En este trabajo caracterizamos retrospectivamente los efectos que ejercen dichos organismos sobre el crecimiento radial de árboles estresados por sequía utilizando dendrocronología. El efecto combinado del muérdago y las sequías reducen el crecimiento del pino silvestre y aumentan la defoliación, siendo estos efectos más evidentes en el ápice del árbol. La procesionaria induce pérdidas de crecimiento en pino laricio, pero en general se observa una recuperación dos años después. No encontramos un papel determinante de los hongos patógenos de raíz en el decaimiento del abeto. Finalmente, pinos carrasco muertos que presentaban ataques de insectos perforadores mostraron patrones de crecimiento similares a pinos vivos. Este estudio nos permite caracterizar algunos de los complejos y múltiples efectos de diferentes factores bióticos de estrés sobre el crecimiento y la vulnerabilidad de los bosques susceptibles a los efectos negativos de las sequías.Purpose: When speaking about juvenile violence and delinquency, most experts believe that the best solution is the development of preventive programs and, specifically, primary and early intervention through more comprehensive social policies. The purpose of this article is to present some Spanish findings of a European research on prevention of the juvenile delinquency, YouPrev. Mainly the gap between the ideal of the prevention as a means to avoid troubles and the little ideas to implement these ideals. At the same time it shows the main reasons why Spain has not got a real policy prevention of juvenile delinquency. Design/Methods/Approach: This work compares some of the theoretical key factors in the prevention of juvenile delinquency by using a sample of experts and soliciting their views in all areas of intervention with juvenile delinquents: formal and non-formal education, juvenile justice, police, child protection, health, etc., within the framework of the European project YouPrev. Two workshops (of 14 or 15 participants) and 20 semistructured interviews were conducted in which, among others, the subject of the prevention of juvenile delinquency was addressed, both from an analytical and a purposive point of view. Findings: In both interviews and discussion groups, experts in juvenile violence demonstrate clearly that their proposals do not manage to go beyond the idealistic level. They find structural obstacles to the improvement of the effects of preventive interventions on young people. This is the case for all the experts both in coordination and networking and even in the evaluation of programs with no clear goals. Research Limitations/Implications: The research results have implications for policy making in the fields of juvenile delinquency prevention. Practical Implications: The article is also useful for social and judicial operators dealing with the young people in different areas (health, education, justice). Originality/Value: The research presented in this article is showing the main obstacles to a effective prevention policy of juvenile crime and violence.
Idioma: Inglés
Año: 2013
Publicado en: Varstvoslovje 15, 4 (2013), 494-509
ISSN: 1580-0253

Originalmente disponible en: Texto completo de la revista

Factor impacto SCIMAGO:

Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Filosofía del Derecho (Departamento de Derecho Penal, Filosofía del Derecho e Historia del Derecho)

Creative Commons You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. You may not use the material for commercial purposes. If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.


Exportado de SIDERAL (2017-08-30-08:45:53)

Este artículo se encuentra en las siguientes colecciones:
Articles > Artículos por área > Filosofía del Derecho



 Record created 2017-08-17, last modified 2017-08-30


Versión publicada:
 PDF
Rate this document:

Rate this document:
1
2
3
 
(Not yet reviewed)