Epipaleolítico y Mesolítico en la vertiente sur de los Pirineos desde la perspectiva de la industria lítica
Resumen: Se analiza la evolución industrial del Epipaleolítico y Mesolítico de la vertiente sur de los Pirineos, ofreciéndose el estado actual de conocimiento sobre las distintas tradiciones industriales que se suceden: Epimagdaleniense y Aziliense; Sauveterroide; Mesolítico de muescas y denticulados y Mesolítico geométrico. Ello permite definir los distintos intereses productivos y las diferentes estrategias desarrolladas en cada fase, destacándose, a pesar de lógicos particularismos regionales, la notable homogeneidad cultural del territorio analizado. Finalmente, se exponen los principales interrogantes existentes.

In this paper we analyze the evolution of lithic industries in the Epipaleolithic and Mesolithic period in southern slopes of the Pyrenees, offering a current state of knowledge about the different industrial traditions developed: the Epimagdalenian and Azilian; Sauveterroid; Notches and denticulate Mesolithic and Geometric Mesolithic. The first technological tradition is characterized by blade production and the predominance of backed points and end-scrapers. In this phase raw material´s supply take place in a more restricted territory, continuing with the regionalization process started at the end of Upper Magdalenian. Also, it is noticeable the continuity of simplification and microlithisation tendencies in production dynamics. The Sauveterroid ensembles continue with similar strategies, but new types of projectiles appear: geometrics. By contrast, the Notches and denticulate Mesolithic implies a profound change in lithic system organization. Blades are replaced by flake productions, and lithic projectiles disappear. Retouched industry is now dominated by notches and denticulated pieces. Exploitation and management of lithic resources changes completely, developing new strategies like recycling. Finally, the development of Geometric Mesolithic means the recovery of regular and standardized blade production and the manufacture of stone projectiles, dominated by geometrics. This review allows us to define the different strategies developed in the production of lithic industry at every stage, remarking, although logical regional particularities, the cultural homogeneity of the analyzed territory.

Idioma: Español
DOI: 10.21630/maa.2016.67.mis01
Año: 2016
Publicado en: Munibe. Antropologia-Arkeologia 67 (2016), 295-312
ISSN: 1132-2217

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA/H07
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/HAR2014-55131
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/HAR2014-59042-P
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Prehistoria (Departamento de Ciencias de la Antigüedad)

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